- A civil court has jurisdiction to try a suit if two conditions are fulfilled
- The suit must be of a civil nature
- The cognizance of such a suit should not have been expressly or impliedly barred
A civil dispute is a legal disagreement between two or more principle, individuals or organizations which is different from a criminal dispute in that it does not involve statutory laws and does not require the involvement of the state as a principle party. A civil dispute usually involves tort, contract, or probate laws and is resolved by the court through the awarding of compensation, usually in the form of financial damages. When a person violates a civil duty to another, such as a doctor guilty of negligence toward his patient, the civil dispute is usually called a tort. Torts include issues such as negligence, personal injury, defamation, or workplace safety. Tort disputes may involve two individuals, an individual and an organization, or two organizations. In managing tort disputes, a judge must determine if the defendant had a civil duty towards the plaintiff, if the duty was breached, and if the damage done to the plaintiff that resulted directly from the breach of duty can be measured in terms of compensation. The law relating to civil wrongs and quasi-contracts is part of the civil law. Civil litigation is the process of dispute resolution between members of a community through the court system. The law grants to individuals the right to sue for compensation or for specific action in matters such as breach of contract, defamation and negligence. Jurisdiction of Civil Court comes under Civil Procedure Code.